Georgia Center for Innovation of Logistics Report for August 2012

MULTIMODAL:

Dow Jones Transportation Index 
Dow Jones Transportation index was down 1% during the month of July. (Stock performance of twenty large, well-known U.S. companies in the transportation industry, average of July 10th thru August 10th)

NASDAQ Transportation Index 
NASDAQ Transportation Index decreased 4.2% in July.
(Averaged share weights of NASDAQ-listed companies classified as transportation companies, average of July 10th thru August 10th)

DOT Freight Transportation Index
The USDOT's freight transportation services index fell 0.1% in June 2012 following a steady index rate in
May. The index’s reading of 109.5 was 1.6% higher year-over-year. (Source: US DOT)

Cass Freight Index
The July shipments index fell 0.7% over the previous month and increased 1.8% year-over-year. The July
expenditures index decreased 2.0% for the month, and increased 0.9% year over year.
Source: Cass Information Systems | Cassinfo.com

(Based upon transportation dollars and shipments of Cass clients comprised of over 400 shipping companies)

Import Volumes
In June, the U.S. imported about $227.9 billion of cargo. June U.S. imports have decreased 1.5% in terms of value from May, and grew 2.2% year-over-year. (Source: US Census)

Export Volumes
In June, the U.S. exported more than $185 billion of cargo, the highest on record. June U.S. exports have increased 1.7% in terms of value over the previous month and grew 0.7% year-over-year. (Source: US Census)

Import & Export Price Index
U.S. import prices decreased 0.6% in July, the fourth consecutive month of decline. Import prices fell 3.2% over the past year. The price index for U.S. exports rose 0.5% in July, following a 1.7% decrease in June. Export prices fell 1.2% year-over-year. (Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics)

Multimodal News Clips: Transportation employment increased more than 1.9% year-over-year in July. Transportation industries added about 6,900 employees. Trucking employment grew by 3,100 jobs last month, and rose 3.3% year over- year. The water transport sector added 1,100 jobs, a 1.7% increase from June and up 9.8% year over-year. Manufacturing employment spiked by 25,000, more than twice economists’ forecasts. Transportation equipment jobs increased by 20,500 jobs. (Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics)

• Global demand for material handling products is forecast to climb 4% annually through 2016 to $123.6 billion, according to a new study from The Freedonia Group. India and China will likely see the fastest gains due to the rising manufacturing output that will spur demand for distribution equipment. The U.S. market, which accounted for 22% of global sales in 2011, is expected to remain the leading consumer through 2016.

RAIL: U.S. Freight Rail Traffic
Railroad bulk carload freight in July 2012 remained steady from June 2012. Freight traffic in July fell 0.7%
from July 2011. Coal and grain shipments continued to be the main cause of the decline in shipments.
Carloads excluding coal and grain increased 1.4% over the previous year.
(Source: AAR.org) (Report includes rail car-loadings by 19 different major commodity categories as well as intermodal units)

U.S. Intermodal Rail Traffic
AUGUST 2012 LOGISTICS MARKET SNAPSHOT
Prepared: August 15, 2012 Fueling Logistics Competitiveness 
Intermodal rail traffic in July 2012 was 5.6% higher than in July 2011 and 2.5% lower than June 2012 totals.
Intermodal loadings experienced year-over-year gains for 32 straight months.
(Source: AAR.org) (Report includes rail car-loadings by 19 different major commodity categories as well as intermodal units)

Railroad Fuel Price Index
The index of average railroad fuel prices in June was 556.5, down 9.5% from the previous month and 10.3%
lower 
year-over-year. (Source: AAR.org)
(Average monthly price for gallons purchased by freight railroads; Includes federal excise taxes, transportation, and handling expenses)

Freight Cars in Storage
The number of freight cars in storage has decreased to 314,971 (20.6% of the fleet) on August 1, down 2,710
from a month earlier. (Source: AAR.org)
(A freight car is "in storage" if it has had a loaded revenue move since 2005, but not in the past 60 days. Decrease here = more demand

Class 1 Railroad Employment
Railroad employment in June 2012 increased by 611 employees to 163,159 employees. Total Class 1 rail
employment in June 2012 was 2.4% higher than it was in June 2011. (Source: U.S. STB)

Short Line Rail Traffic

In July 2012, short line railroad shipments across North America rose 0.6% compared to the same month last year. A sampling of about 420 small railroads in the U.S. and Canada loaded 510,989 railcars and intermodal units during the month of July. (Source: RMI RailConnect Index | rmiondemand.com)

Railroad News Clips:
• Genesee & Wyoming will purchase RailAmerica in a $1.4 billion deal that will combine the two largest short-line and regional railroad operators in North America. Following the transaction, GWI will own 111 railroads15,100 miles of track, and 1,000 locomotives. If the transaction is approved by the federal Surface Transportation Board, the merger could give GWI a 10% earnings boost in 2013.

TRUCKING: Trucking Volume
The ATA’s seasonally adjusted cargo index rose 1.2% in June after falling 1% in May. The for-hire truck

tonnage index rose 3.2% year-over-year. (Source: American Trucking Association | Trucking.org)

Truckload Freight
The spot market for truckload freight in July fell 24% compared to the previous month, and was 1.9% higher year-over-year. Truck capacity remained the same for the month, and was up 8.1% year-over-year. (Source: TransCore Freight Index | www.transcorefreightsolutions.com)

Diesel Prices
U.S. average diesel prices rose last week to $3.97 per gallon. U.S. diesel prices rose at the fastest pace since March 2011jumping 11.5¢ last week. The U.S. average diesel price was 13¢ higher than the same week last year. The average price of diesel in the lower Atlantic states was $3.90 per gallon. (Source: U.S. DOE)

(Reflects the costs and profits of the entire production and distribution chain.)

Trucking Employment
The trucking industry added 3,100 jobs in July. The trucking workforce increased 0.23% over the previous month and rose 3.3% over the previous year. (Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics)

Truck Orders
Orders for heavy-duty Class 8 trucks in North America are expected to total 12,568 units in July 2012, the
lowest month for orders since August 2010. June orders were 23% lower than the previous month, and 32% lower than the same month last year. (Source: FTR Associates | ftrassociates.com)

NAFTA Trade
Surface transport-related trade between the U.S. and its NAFTA partners, Canada and Mexico, was up 8.3% in May compared to the same month in 2011, reaching $83.8 billion. May was the 30th consecutive month of year-over-year increases. (Source: US DOT)

Trucking News Clips:

• Saia, a multiregional less-than-truckload carrier, increased its net profit 253% in 2Q 2012 to $11.9 million, while operating profit jumped 157% to $21.2 million. Revenue for the quarter increased 8.1% year over year to $288 million. Revenue per LTL shipment increased 10.6%.

AUGUST 2012

LOGISTICS MARKET SNAPSHOT

Prepared: August 15, 2012 Fueling Logistics Competitiveness 

• Roadrunner Transportation Systems acquired two refrigerated truckload carriers. The carrier purchased R&M Transportation and Sortino Transportation for $24.4 million. The two companies had about $64.5 million in combined revenue in 2011. Roadrunner spent $208 million on acquisitions in the first six

months of 2012.

AIR FREIGHT: Air Cargo Traffic

Global air freight traffic in June rose 0.8% from one year ago and was up 0.6% from the previous month.

North American air freight in June rose 4.5% year-over-year. (Source: IATA.org)

(Global air freight covers international and domestic scheduled air traffic. North American traffic includes only domestic freight traffic.)

Atlanta Air Cargo Traffic

In June, Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport transported 54,755 metric tons of cargo, a 1%

decline from the previous month and a 3.24% decrease year-over-year. (Source: HJIA)

Air Freight Price Index

In June, average international air cargo prices fell 8.3% from the previous month. Average air freight rates

were down 17.5% year-over-year. (Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics)

(The Drewry Air Freight Price Index is based on the average of rates ($US per kg) for cargoes of 100+kg to 1,000+kg cargoes from Shanghai

to London, Moscow, Prague, New York, and Los Angeles.)

Jet Fuel Prices

As of August 3, 2012, the global average jet fuel price was $126 per barrel; up 6.6% from the previous

month, and 0.6% lower year-over-year. (Source: IATA.org, platts.com)

(The weekly index and price data shows the global average price paid at the refinery for aviation jet fuel)

Air Freight News Clips: • Readers of Executive Travel magazine named Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport the nation’s “best domestic airport” for the publication’s 2012 Leading Edge Awards.

• Earlier this month, Genesee & Wyoming reported 2Q net income of $36.4 million, a 17% increase over the same quarter last year. GWI’s total operating revenues increased $7.8 million, or 3.7%, to $217.4 million.

• RailAmerica also recorded a profit during 2Q 2012. The company said its 2Q revenue increased 12% yearover- year to $156.1 million. RailAmerica reported a net income of $11.4 millionup 31% over the same period last year. Growth was driven largely by an increase in non-freight revenue, which increased 26% to $42.5 million. Freight revenue grew 8% to $113.6 million.

• Union Pacific has reported a 2Q 2012 net income of $1 billionup 27.4% over the same quarter last year,

on slightly higher carloads. Quarterly operating revenue increased 7% in the 2Q to $5.2 billion. Union

Pacific said its operating ratio of 67% was its all time quarterly best.

Import Volumes
Import shipment volume, in TEUs, at U.S. ports increased 9% in July from the previous month and rose 10.8% over the previous year. July saw the highest volume of imports seen in one month since August 2010, raising expectations for this year’s holiday season. (Source: Zepol Corporation | zepol.com)

Shanghai Containerized
Freight Index
The August 3rd SCFI comprehensive reading was $1,369.57 per FEUup 3.2% from the previous week, and 34.4% higher year-over-year. The spot rate for shipments to the U.S. East Coast was $3,990 per FEUup 38% from the previous year. (Source: Shanghai Shipping Exchange | www1.chineseshipping.com.cn/en)

(The Shanghai Containerized Freight Index is a weekly reported average export spot rate from Shanghai for 15 different trade lanes.)

Ocean Bulk Freight Rates

The Baltic Dry Index fell 10.7% in July, ending at 897. The BDI has fallen an additional 14.8% during the first half of August. (Source: www.bloomberg.com/quote/BDIY:IND) (The Baltic Dry Index is an index that tracks and averages worldwide international shipping prices of various dry bulk cargoes.)

TSA Bunker Surcharges
Between July 1 and September 30, 2012, the bunker fuel surcharge will total $580 per FEU for shipments to AUGUST 2012

LOGISTICS MARKET SNAPSHOT
Prepared: August 15, 2012 Fueling Logistics Competitiveness the West coast ocean ports and $1,119 per FEU for shipments to the East coast and Gulf ports. (Source: Transpacific Stabilization Agreement) (The Transpacific Stabilization Agreement is a research and discussion forum of major ocean container shipping lines that carry cargo from Asia to ports in the U.S.)

Port of Savannah
The Georgia Ports Authority achieved record volumes in FY2012 for total tonnage, containers, and autos. Georgia ports boosted overall tonnage to 26.5 million for an increase of 561,038 tons. The Port of Savannah moved more than 2.98 million TEUs, a 1.9% increase over FY2011. The port now hosts the most shipping services of any port on the East Coast, for a total of 40 weekly services. Total vessel calls in Savannah reached 2,916 in FY2012, an increase of 2.2% over last FY. (Source: GPA)

Port of Brunswick

Activity at the Port of Brunswick boosted the GPA’s total auto and machinery traffic by more than 19% during FY2012. Georgia Ports reached 569,984 roll-on/roll-off units moved across all terminals during the FY. Breakbulk cargo saw 15.6% growth over FY2011, to 2.53 million tons. (Source: GPA)

Ocean Freight Business News:

• Import volume through major U.S. container ports is expected to increase 6.3% in August compared with the same month last year. Total U.S. containerized imports in 2012 are expected to rise 4.8% over last year. U.S. ports followed by Global Port Tracker handled 1.41 million TEUs in June, the latest month for which numbers are available. June’s total container traffic was 4.7% higher over the previous month and 10.7% higher over the previous year.

• The global container equipment fleet grew 8.5% to 31.25 million TEUs in 2011, compared with 7% growth in 2010. Up to 70% of the additions to the container fleet likely occurred in the first half of 2011, before the drop in new ship orders. The slowdown in the latter half of 2011 was likely due to a misreading of demand, which was worsened by a weak peak season.

• The number of pirate attacks dropped by a third in the first half of 2012. Overall, 177 incidents were reported to the International Maritime Bureau Piracy Reporting Center in the first six months of 2012, compared to 266 incidents for the same period in 2011. The decrease in the overall number is primarily due to the decline in Somali piracy activity, dropping from 163 incidents in the first six months of 2011 to 69 incidents in 2012.

• Hapag-Lloyd will raise rates in the trans-Atlantic trades starting October 1, 2012. The carrier said that westbound rates from North Europe and the Mediterranean to North America will go up by $320 per TEU and $400 per FEU. Rates from the east coasts of North America to North Europe and the Mediterranean will rise by $200 per TEU and $400 per FEU.

WAREHOUSING & DISTRIBUTION:

Industrial Vacancy
The U.S. average industrial vacancy rate was 9.3% during Q2 2012, down 0.3% from the previous quarter. Overall vacancy was 9.8% in Atlanta and 12.4% in Savannah during the second quarter. (Source: Cushman & Wakefield)

Warehouse Rent Rates
In Q2 2012, warehouse and distribution rental rates in the US averaged $4.30 per square foot. Rental rates
for warehouse space averaged $3.37/square foot in Atlanta and $3.62/square foot in Savannah.
(Source: Cushman & Wakefield)

Industrial Absorption
Net absorption in the US during Q2 2012 totaled +41.55 million square feet. Absorption during the 2Q totaled nearly +2.4 million square feet in Atlanta and +158,000 square feet in Savannah. The Atlanta market has experienced 28.8% growth in industrial leasing activity year-over-year. (Source: Cushman & Wakefield)
(Absorption is the net change in occupied space between two points in time. Positive absorption means that previously unoccupied space is being occupied.)

AUGUST 2012
LOGISTICS MARKET SNAPSHOT
Prepared: August 15, 2012 Fueling Logistics Competitiveness
Purchasing Managers Index
The National PMI rose 0.1 point to 49.8 in July 2012. New orders increased 0.2 point to 48.0 and production rose 0.3 points to 51.3.
(Source: Institute for Supply Management) (The PMI combines data on new orders, inventory, production, supplier deliveries, and employment. A reading above 50 indicates that the manufacturing economy is generally expanding.)

Purchasing Managers Index in Georgia
Georgia’s PMI fell 3.2 points to 51.8 in July. New orders in Georgia increased 3.2 points to 56.8 and production was down 0.8 point to 54.5. Georgia’s PMI of 51.8 outperformed the national PMI by 2 points and has remained above 50 for the seventh consecutive month.

(Source: Kennesaw State University) (The PMI combines data on new orders, inventory, production, supplier deliveries, and employment. A reading above 50 indicates that the manufacturing economy is generally expanding.)

W&D Business News:

• This month, CEVA Logistics reported second quarter revenue of $1.81 billion Euro or $2.2 billion U.S., up
5.5% annually
. Revenues for its Freight Management unit were up 9% for the quarter, and its Contract
Logistics business showed a 3% annual gain.

• Over the past year, the amount of vacant space on the market has decreased by 3.8%, or 47.4 million
square feet (msf). With six consecutive quarters of declining vacancies, the U.S. overall vacancy rate
declined to 9.3% (the lowest vacancy rate since 4Q 2008). The lack of new construction in 2011 has given the industrial market a chance to recover. By mid-year 2012, 17.5 msf of new supply was added to the
inventory and markets are still showing signs of improvement. An additional 49.2 msf is currently under construction. (Source: Cushman & Wakefield)

U.S. MARKET:

Gross Domestic Product
The U.S. GDP increased 1.5% in the second quarter of 2012 according to the first preliminary estimate released by the Bureau of Economic Analysis. (Source: US BEA)

U.S. Trade Deficit
The U.S. trade deficit decreased by 10.7% in June to $42.9 billion, the lowest since December 2010. Exports increased 0.9 to $185 billion and imports decreased 1.5% to $227.9 billion. U.S. exports in June were the highest on record. (Source: US DOC & Census Bureau)

Consumer Confidence
The Consumer Confidence Index increased to 65.9 in July 2012 from 62.0 in June 2012.

(Source: The Conference Board) (The consumer confidence index is based on a monthly survey of 5,000 U.S. households. It is designed to gauge the financial health, spending power, and confidence of the average U.S. consumer.)

Unemployment Rate
The unemployment rate in America rose to 8.3% in July 2012. Approximately 163,000 net new jobs were
created in July, up from the 64,000 new jobs created in June. (Source: US DOL)

Leading Economic Index

The Leading Economic Index for the U.S. decreased 0.3% in June to 95.6 (2004=100), following a 0.4% increase in May and a 0.1% decline in April. (Source: Conference Board)
(The LEI is a composite of 10 economic indicators that together create an analytic system designed to signal peaks and troughs in the business cycle. The LEI reveals patterns in economic data in a clearer and more convincing manner than any individual component alone.)

Retail Sales

Retail and food service sales grew in July to $403.9 billion, up 0.8% from the previous month, and up 4.1% above July 2011. Non-store retailer sales were up 11.8% from last year. (Source: US Census)

Manufacturing & Trade Sales
Total combined sales and manufacturing shipments totaled nearly $1.23 Trillion in June 2012, down 1.1% from May and up 3% from the previous year. (Source: US Census)

Manufacturing & Trade Inventory
Total value of inventory on hand is estimated at $1.58 Trillion in June 2012, up 0.1% from May and up 5%
from June 2011. (Source: US Census)

Housing Starts
In June, housing starts increased 6.9% to an annual rate of 760,000 units. Building permits (an indicator of future housing starts) fell 3.7% to an annual rate of 755,000. (Source: U.S. DOC)

 AUGUST 2012
LOGISTICS MARKET SNAPSHOT
Prepared: August 15, 2012 Fueling Logistics Competitiveness
Consumer & Producer Price Index
The consumer price index for all urban consumers was unchanged in July from the previous month. Over the last 12 months, the all items index increased 1.4%. The producer price index for finished goods increased 0.3% in July from the previous month. Prices for finished goods rose 0.5% over the previous year. (Source: US Bureau of Labor Statistics)

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resources and activities of the Georgia Center of Innovation for Logistics please contact: Page Siplon, Executive Director – psiplon@georgia.org – 

912.966.7867

Bonny Woods